Each month, we’ve highlighted one of the 200+ volatile aromatic compounds in cannabis known as terpenes that contribute to the distinct tastes and fragrances of different strains. Terpenes are often used to improve the health benefits of cannabis while at the same time reducing its intoxicating effects. Furthermore, each terpene has its own set of therapeutic purposes. We’ll look at secondary cannabis terpine carene in this final area article on terpenes. Looking to try something new? Check out this.
What Is Delta 3 Carene?
Delta-3-carene is a bicyclic monoterpene found in cannabis and other plants. Delta-3-carene is naturally produced in pine and cedar trees, as well as herbs such as basil, rosemary, and some peppers. It has a sweet, pungently herbal scent that comes from citrus fruits, cypress wood, and pinewood. Delta-3-carene is naturally present in pine and cedar trees as well as herbs like basil, rosemary, and some peppers.
Delta 3 carene is a terpene with the ability to attract liquids and is sometimes used in antihistamine medicines and other products designed to dry out excessive bleeding or mucus. Although these experiences are anecdotal, Delta 3 carene’s drying power may contribute to the side effects of dry mouth/cottonmouth and red eyes among cannabis users. Cottonmouth/dry mouth and red eyes can be exacerbated by Delta 3 carene, which can make medical marijuana useful in preventing drooling associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
Delta 3 carene is a component in many plant essential oils and is used in cosmetics, fragrance items, and food flavoring solutions. Delta 3 carene has most likely been included in your morning glass of orange juice or as an infusion in salad dressings or teas. It’s also present in turpentine, making it an effective insect repellent for industrial use.
Carene has a pungent, earthy scent with undertones of pine.
Botanicals Containing Carene
Cardene is found in allspice, rosemary, basil, cedar, pine and turpentine, as well as cannabis. It’s been used to make cosmetics and fragrances for hundreds of years.
Carene is supposed to enhance memory recall and attention.
Carene, which is thought to be linked with dry mouth and eye redness when smoking cannabis, has a number of therapeutic advantages. According to research, carene can effectively treat acute inflammation. This is in line with previous discoveries that spices (which are typically high in terpenes) can help reduce chronic diseases by reducing inflammation.
Juniper essential oil, which is high in carene, has been found to effectively treat fungal infections in clinical settings, according to research. The study also determined that the presence of carene was required for juniper oil’s antifungal effectiveness.
Most importantly, research reveals that carene has the potential to stimulate bone development. The study compared the effects of 89 different natural chemicals on bone growth and found that modest quantities of carene can have significant impacts on mineralization and calcium formation. These findings suggest that carene may be a vital component in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis as well as other diseases that weaken bones.
Carene Side Effects
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has certified that the majority of terpenes are “safe” under normal conditions. However, carene has been shown to cause skin, eye, and respiratory irritation when excessively used. Cannabis can induce dry mouth and bloodshot eyes as a result of carene.
Strains High in Carene
Most cannabis strains have a low concentration of delta-3 carene. However, higher-than-average levels have been found in the following cannabis strains:
- Super Silver Haze
- Jack Herer
- Arjan’s Ultra Haze #2
- Lemon Haze
- OG Kush
- Cherry Pie
- White Runtz
- Dragon Fruit
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Does Delta 3 Carene Cause Red Eyes When Smoking Marijuana?
Delta 3 carene’s capacity to remove bodily fluids from the body can contribute to cottonmouth and the formation of dry, red eyes when using cannabis. Cannabinoids like THC can also stimulate blood vessel dilatation (widening), which may lead to lower blood pressure overall and increased blood flow to your eye. Delta-3-carene might influence these outcomes, but other cannabinoids could have a greater impact.
Does Delta 3 Carene Have an “Up” or “Down” Effect?
Delta-3-carene, like limonene, is supposed to help with mental focus and concentration. When combined with other citrus- and pine-like terpenes, 3-carene may have increased stimulatory qualities.
Delta 3 Carene Research Studies
The terpene delta 3 carene has been found in numerous research studies to have significant and varied health and wellbeing advantages. The antifungal activity of juniperus essential oils against dermatophyte, aspergillus, and candida [fungus] strains was investigated in a 2006 research paper published in the Journal of Applied Microbiology. Delta 3 carene and pinene were tested for their antifungal properties.
Essential oils high in terpenes such as delta 3 carene and pinene were found to be antifungal agents and fungal infections treatments. The research claims, “Oxycedrus leaf oil proved to be an emerging alternative antifungal agent against dermatophyte strains,” while delta 3 carene was discovered to be a key component in this process.”
The researchers discovered that essential oils or some of their components may be helpful in the treatment of fungal infections, thus justifying future clinical trials to verify their efficacy as therapeutic alternatives for dermatophytosis.”
Delta 3 carene was tested in a laboratory study published in the journal Phytotherapy Research in November 2007, which claimed that “low concentration of 3-carene promotes osteoblast differentiation.”
According to the study, “a low concentration (up to 5 [micro]m) of 3‐carene” may “stimulate significantly the activity and expression of alkaline phosphatase,” a bone repair and regeneration enzyme. The researchers determined that while additional research is necessary to determine precisely how delta 3 carene improves bone health, “the anabolic activity of 3-carene in bone metabolism suggests that natural additives in diet (such as essential oils) might have a beneficial impact on bone health.”